A panel of experts on Arctic issues convened in Juneau on Thursday at a meeting of the Hyrdographic Services Review Panel. (Kevin Gullufsen | Juneau Empire)

A panel of experts on Arctic issues convened in Juneau on Thursday at a meeting of the Hyrdographic Services Review Panel. (Kevin Gullufsen | Juneau Empire)

Ocean minds tackle Arctic marine traffic bump

NOAA meetings in Juneau focus on expanding lacking marine infrastructure in the north

Sea ice in the Arctic is melting earlier in the spring and forming later in the fall, allowing ships more time to navigate ice-free waterways.

But the charts and communication meant to keep these vessels safe isn’t yet up to speed with an expected increase in vessel traffic, experts said Thursday at the Juneau meeting of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Hydrographic Services Review Panel.

The panel advises NOAA on how best maintain and update the navigation tools that keep mariners safe. It met for three days of meetings at the Elizabeth Peratrovich Hall on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday.

Shipping companies, cruise lines and recreational vessels are taking advantage of the Arctic’s increased ice-free season. Shipping volume in the Arctic increased by 50 percent last year, according to media reports. On Saturday, a container ship sailing for shipping giant Maersk is expected to enter the Bering Strait on the first voyage through the Northern Sea Route for a container ship. Recreational sailors are testing the waters. So are cruise lines.

The United States’ only Arctic state needs to bolster its marine infrastructure in the north, an expert panel said. It’s currently not up to snuff, largely because it hasn’t had to be, said Ashley Chappell, Arctic lead for NOAA’s Committee on the Marine Transportation System. But that’s about to change.

Chappell moderated the talk, which included experts from several federal and private agencies who work on Arctic marine infrastructure issues.

NOAA has mapped only 4.1 percent of the U.S. marine Arctic waterways to modern standards.

“We know what to do, we just don’t have the capacity to do it,” Chappell told the Empire after moderating the panel. “We know how to survey in the Arctic. We know how to set our tide gauges. We know how to do these things. It’s not like we’ll have to create new technologies, it’s just having the capacity to do the things we need to do. It’s just having the money, the resources.”

Current charts are based largely off data acquired in the 1800s using early lead line technology. That technology was accurate — in spots. But when sea depths were measured far from shore, those surveys could only roughly pinpoint their locations. It was also laborious, meaning the ocean floor could only be mapped few locations compared to modern technology.

The result is that vessels transiting the Northwest Passage, the route that runs across Arctic Alaska and Canada, depend on undependable charts.

Thankfully, they have some time to work on their charts, said Captain Ed Page of the Marine Exchange of Alaska. He said it’s not exactly a “gold rush” to use the U.S.’s Arctic passageways. He said the attention paid to this week’s meetings show NOAA and its private sector partners like the Marine Exchange, which tracks vessel traffic across Alaska, are ahead of the curve.

“I’m pleased to see that. We’re not waiting for the train wreck, but we’re jumping ahead of it,” Page said.

One of the biggest issues facing Alaska will be protecting subsistence food resources from an increase in traffic. When Alaska Native communities go out to hunt whale in Arctic regions, they want to know that the populations they’re looking for remain undisturbed.

Technology is currently being tested to automatically let shipping companies know when they’re approaching Native whalers, Page said.

It’s going to take a while — and quite a bit of money — to address charting and traffic in the Arctic, Page said, but he’s confident the HSRP is on the right track.

“We’re not going to go from 4 percent to 100 percent in two or three years, there’s no way. It took us this long to get to 4 percent,” Page said.

• Contact reporter Kevin Gullufsen at 523-2228 and kgullufsen@juneauempire.com. Follow him on Twitter at @KevinGullufsen.

More in News

Jasmine Chavez, a crew member aboard the Quantum of the Seas cruise ship, waves to her family during a cell phone conversation after disembarking from the ship at Marine Park on May 10. (Mark Sabbatini / Juneau Empire file photo)
Ships in port for the week of June 22

Here’s what to expect this week.

Participants in a pro-choice abortion rally gather outside the Governor’s Residence on Saturday to demand a pro-life flag flying at the entrance be taken down. (Mark Sabbatini / Juneau Empire)
Pro-choice abortion protesters march to Governor’s Residence to demand removal of pro-life flag

Rally on second anniversary of U.S. Supreme Court’s Dobbs decision also focuses on fall election.

Eddie Petrie shovels gravel into a mine cart as fast as possible during the men’s hand mucking competition as part of Juneau Gold Rush Days on Saturday at Savikko Park. (Mark Sabbatini / Juneau Empire)
Mucking, trucking, chucking and yukking it up at Juneau Gold Rush Days

Logging competitions, live music, other events continue Sunday at Savikko Park.

(Michael Penn / Juneau Empire file photo)
Police calls for Thursday, June 20, 2024

This report contains public information from law enforcement and public safety agencies.

Pins supporting the repeal of ranked choice voting are seen on April 20 at the Republican state convention in Anchorage. (James Brooks/Alaska Beacon)
State judge upholds most fines against group seeking repeal of Alaska ranked choice voting

An Anchorage Superior Court judge has ruled that opponents of Alaska’s ranked… Continue reading

Joshua Midgett and Kelsey Bryce Riker appear on stage as the emcees for MixCast 2023 at the Crystal Saloon. (Photo courtesy Juneau Ghost Light Theatre)
And now for someone completely different: Familiar faces show new personas at annual MixCast cabaret

Fundraiser for Juneau Ghost Light Theatre on Saturday taking place amidst week of local Pride events

Jasz Garrett / Juneau Empire
A section of Angoon along the coast is seen on June 14. Angoon was destroyed by the U.S. Navy in 1882; here is where they first pulled up to shore.
Long-awaited U.S. Navy apology for 1882 bombardment will bring healing to Angoon

“How many times has our government apologized to any American Native group?”

Juneau Mayor Beth Weldon announced this week she plans to seek a third three-year term. (Juneau Empire file photo)
Mayor Beth Weldon seeking third term amidst personal and political challenges

Low mill rate, more housing cited by lifelong Juneau resident as achievements during past term.

(Michael Penn / Juneau Empire file photo)
Police calls for Wednesday, June 19, 2024

This report contains public information from law enforcement and public safety agencies.

Most Read