Jacob Adams an attorney and cultural heritage researcher, speaks in the University of Alaska Southeast Egan Library, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. (Ben Hohenstatt | Juneau Empire)

Jacob Adams an attorney and cultural heritage researcher, speaks in the University of Alaska Southeast Egan Library, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. (Ben Hohenstatt | Juneau Empire)

Can appropriation be appropriate?

Researcher and lawyer says there’s a right way to work with other cultures

Cultural appropriation was always around and is now a near-constant in an increasingly interconnected world, said Jacob Adams, an attorney and cultural researcher.

That doesn’t mean that misappropriation — which he defined as taking cultural elements without permission and understanding in a way that the appropriated group feels was unfair — needs to be omnipresent.

Appropriation has been a hot-button issue in Juneau in recent years after many objected to and defended a 2018 Wearable Art entry. It also has a long-standing prevalence in Southeast Alaska because of the popularity of Northwest Coast Art with both Alaska Native and non-Native people.

“So much controversy could be avoided by injecting more understanding into it,” Adams said during his Evening at Egan lecture Friday at University of Alaska Southeast. “Even with permission, without understanding, you might fall into a trap.”

Appropriation without understanding can lead to perpetuating harmful depictions and knowledge loss, Adams said.

[Singer-songwriter, poet and retired teacher publishes first children’s book]

As an example, Adams said if someone made boats in the style of the ones traditionally made by the Sámi people, who are indigenous to an area that includes parts of Norway, Sweden and more, it could crowd indigenous artists out of the market and close off a source of income for a potentially fragile culture.

That could lead to the loss of “what we don’t even know,” he said.

Adams said it’s also worth considering the economic value of cultural knowledge, regalia or tradition. He drew a parallel between misappropriation and the Western legal system.

A Sámi reindeer herder’s knowledge of the herd is the equivalent of a trade secret, Adams said.

Reproducing or taking Tlingit at.óow — which can include clan crests, names, stories and more that have both monetary value as well as social and spiritual value — is comparable to theft.

Scott Foster, a member of the audience, asked if art would be protected by freedom of expression.

“Freedom of expression does not give you the right to steal,” Adams said.

He said a lot of times cultural misappropriation is defended by people with the same arguments that are used to defend unofficial fan clubs or other organizations that use legally protected logos.

Adams said people will say a company should be glad people are passionate enough about their brand to use an image, and that their organization is ultimately good for the company. However, Adams said that doesn’t change the law.

He compared misappropriating at.óow to improperly using a Ford logo.

“In this one area, they’re no different,” Adams said.

He said intellectual property law, land rights, privacy and legal areas are all possible areas of protection for cultural misappropriation.

“Society at large is becoming more sensitive to those issues,” Adams said.

That sensitivity should also come with thoughtfulness and understanding, Adams said. Often, discussions of cultural appropriation can be derailed by blending concerns or invalid arguments.

He said it’s important to separate objections to appropriation from racism, sexism or other concerns.

As an example, Adams cited controversy around the movie “Frozen” and its depiction of Sámi culture. Around the time the movie came out, Adams said there were accusations of cultural misappropriation and white-washing were common online.

While the movie did use elements of Sámi culture, Adams said the white-washing accusations were off base since the Sámi people generally have the same skin tone as the characters in the movie.

“This example kind of articulates the problems we have with discussing cultural appropriation,” Adams said.

By introducing an argument operating on a false premise, Adams said real issues were co-opted.

“It’s not furthering anyone’s objective,” Adams said.

[See the faces behind the Mask-erade masks]

He said it’s also important to consider why a culture was appropriated. Sometimes there may be a good explanation, or at least one that many would find reasonable — in art, there’s a lot of gray area.

Adams said there are steps that researchers, artists or makers can take to make sure they depict a culture ethically and responsibly.

Those include sensitivity; receiving free, prior and informed consent, and sharing benefits.

As an example, Adams cited “Frozen 2.” The Sámi were involved in the making of the movie, and a Sámi-language version of the film is expected.

“There is a route to do things appropriately,” Adams said.


• Contact reporter Ben Hohenstatt at (907)523-2243 or bhohenstatt@juneauempire.com. Follow him on Twitter at @BenHohenstatt.


More in News

A Princess Cruise Line ship is docked in Juneau on Aug. 25, 2021. (Michael Lockett / Juneau Empire File)
Ships in Port for the week of Aug. 14

Here’s what to expect this week.

(Juneau Empire File / Michael Penn)
Police calls for Thursday, Aug. 18, 2022

This report contains public information from law enforcement and public safety agencies.

(Juneau Empire File / Michael Penn)
Police calls for Wednesday, Aug. 17, 2022

This report contains public information from law enforcement and public safety agencies.

This October 2020 photo shows the MV Kennicott. The Alaska Marine Highway System's winter ferry schedule is now available for review. (Ben Hohenstatt / Juneau Empire File)
Winter ferry schedule available for review

Comments now being accepted.

(Juneau Empire File / Michael Penn)
Police calls for Tuesday, Aug. 16, 2022

This report contains public information from law enforcement and public safety agencies.

Supporters of U.S. Sen. Lisa Murkowski wait for an opportunity to talk to her at her newly Juneau campaign headquarters Thursday evening at Kootznoowoo Plaza. (Mark Sabbatini / Juneau Empire)
Murkowski opens up at Juneau HQ debut

Senator chats with supporters about U.S. vs. Belgium voting, moose chili and Project Veritas

(Juneau Empire File / Michael Penn)
Police calls for Saturday, Aug. 13, 2022

This report contains public information from law enforcement and public safety agencies.

U.S. Senate candidate Shoshana Gungurstein stars in a campaign sign within view of the Alaska governor’s mansion. Gungurstein, an independent, got exposure this week for being a Hollywood actress under a different last name after questions about her past went unanswered throughout the campaign. She is one of 19 candidates seeking to be among the four selected in next Tuesday’s primary to compete in the November general election. (Mark Sabbatini / Juneau Empire)
Senate candidate sheds more light on background

Shoshana Gungurstein responds at length to recent report on past film career.

(Michael Penn / Juneau Empire File)
Drug arrest made in Skagway

Police say a suspicious package was intercepted.

Most Read